What is knowledge? By Manuel Pelegrina

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Knowledge is made up of everything that is rational, irrational, empirical or subjective; of intuitions, personal experience -be it rational or irrational-, perceptions, reality and dreams; Physics and Metaphyiscs; Philosophy and Theology; Psychology and Astrology; that which is useful and that which is useless; that which is true and that which is false. Knowledge is the accumulation of theoretical concepts and constructs, of empirical models. It makes no sense to refer to it as true or false. It is everything about which we can think, everything we can remember or recognize as having thought.
People who love knowledge listen to everybody, read anything they find interesting, travel. They don’t feel forced to accept or condemn. They are impressed by goodness, beauty, as well as hatred or fanaticism. They process everything with the same interest. They constantly rethink their place in the world, that’s why they build and rebuild their experiences. People who love knowledge are never bored, never depressed, even though they can suffer stress, anxiety and exhaustion, since an excess of information may overexert the nervous system. An example of knowledge are the attitudes on which The one and a thousand nights is based. It’s a book in which the divine and the human are equally valued.
It’s good to love knowledge. Knowledge for its own sake. But it’s necessary to relax, to meditate, in order not to exhaust oneself. That’s why the Greeks warned against intellectual excess. People do it since they’re little -as a game- and we must keep doing it throughout our lives.
Knowledge is an activity which is both mental and physical. It can be spontaneous or directed. It’s doing for its own sake, thinking for its own sake, because thinking is an action and an action is thinking.
Certainty, unlike knowledge, means having no doubts about that which we know. If we have doubts, our knowledge is probabilistic. Absolute certainty means exact knowledge. Nowadays exact knowledge is scarce and knowledge is mainly probabilistic.

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